Table 1—

Characteristics of diabetic participants at baseline

No previous CVDPrevious CVDP
n2,008116
Age (years)57 ± 861 ± 8<0.0001
Sex (% female)6437<0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)131 ± 21135 ± 210.039
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)77 ± 1078 ± 110.54
BMI (kg/m2)32 ± 731 ± 60.10
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)43 ± 1239 ± 90.0002
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)103 ± 32110 ± 340.028
Triglycerides (mg/dl)*143 ± 180166 ± 2010.011
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)325 ± 86310 ± 760.075
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)208 ± 82180 ± 640.0004
2-h glucose (mg/dl)297 ± 122267 ± 1150.126
Duration of diabetes (years)9.3 ± 9.311.8 ± 10.60.0118
HbA1c (%)8.5 ± 2.58.0 ± 2.10.020
Current smoking (%)27240.560
Urinary albumin/creatinine (%)
    Normal49460.422
    Microalbuminuria3132
    Macroalbuminuria2023
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated. Student’s t test and χ2 tests were used to compare continuous and categorical variables, respectively.

  • *

    * Triglyceride data were log transformed for analyses and back transformed for report. The triglyceride SD is reported as the coefficient of variation; the values are the geometric means.

  • χ2 test with 2 degrees of freedom.