Table 1—

Descriptive characteristics of nondiabetic participants aged 35–64 years

CharacteristicLima, PeruMexico CitySan Antonio Mexican AmericansSan Antonio non-Hispanic whitesSpain
Men
    n1048216434001,134
    Age (years)47.5 ± 8.446.6 ± 8.149.0 ± 8.449.5 ± 8.448.5 ± 8.5
    BMI (kg/m2)26.5 ± 3.827.0 ± 3.528.8 ± 4.927.7 ± 4.427.4 ± 3.6
    Waist circumference (cm)93.2 ± 9.293.9 ± 9.898.1 ± 11.198.8 ± 11.395.7 ± 10.0
    Triglyceride level (mmol/l)1.68 ± 0.902.78 ± 2.002.06 ± 1.491.78 ± 1.261.52 ± 0.97
    HDL cholesterol level (mmol/l)1.32 ± 0.440.78 ± 0.221.02 ± 0.291.04 ± 0.291.19 ± 0.32
    LDL cholesterol level (mmol/l)2.88 ± 1.283.00 ± 0.933.60 ± 0.953.61 ± 0.973.92 ± 0.99
    Total cholesterol level (mmol/l)4.94 ± 1.284.92 ± 1.055.51 ± 1.105.42 ± 1.055.80 ± 1.09
    Systolic blood pressure (mmol/l)118.0 ± 16.0119.7 ± 16.4125.5 ± 15.9122.8 ± 13.9126.1 ± 18.3
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmol/l)73.9 ± 11.177.4 ± 29.375.9 ± 9.673.5 ± 8.779.7 ± 11.7
    Fasting plasma glucose level (mmol/l)4.93 ± 0.764.76 ± 0.705.10 ± 0.645.02 ± 5.75.18 ± 0.68
    Treatment for hypertension*18.216.743.262.021.3
    ATP III–defined metabolic syndrome11.5 (6.7–19.2)31.9 (28.8–35.2)32.5 (29.0–36.2)29.3 (25.0–33.9)22.3 (20.0–24.8)
    IDF-defined metabolic syndrome26.0 (18.4–35.2)54.4 (51.0–57.8)46.3 (42.5–50.2)38.3 (33.6–43.1)27.7 (25.2–30.4)
    Current cigarette smokingN/A51.8 (48.4–55.2)26.1 (22.8–29.6)17.8 (14.4–21.9)46.1 (43.2–49.0)
Women
    n2421,1695079231,406
    Age (years)45.7 ± 8.346.5 ± 7.948.8 ± 8.249.7 ± 8.448.7 ± 8.5
    BMI (kg/m2)27.1 ± 4.728.8 ± 4.729.3 ± 6.226.5 ± 5.827.9 ± 4.9
    Waist circumference (cm)92.0 ± 12.998.3 ± 13.493.4 ± 15.987.6 ± 15.393.9 ± 12.4
    Triglyceride level (mmol/l)1.60 ± 0.842.04 ± 1.281.70 ± 1.111.47 ± 0.891.12 ± 0.61
    HDL cholesterol level (mmol/l)1.42 ± 0.350.90 ± 0.231.24 ± 0.341.30 ± 0.341.42 ± 0.34
    LDL cholesterol level (mmol/l)2.81 ± 1.173.10 ± 1.003.47 ± 1.003.43 ± 0.933.74 ± 0.94
    Total cholesterol level (mmol/l)4.96 ± 1.264.91 ± 1.145.45 ± 1.125.40 ± 1.045.66 ± 1.04
    Systolic blood pressure (mmol/l)115.2 ± 14.6117.0 ± 18.6121.4 ± 17.5118.9 ± 15.7126.4 ± 21.0
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmol/l)72.0 ± 11.773.9 ± 26.671.9 ± 9.071.3 ± 9.678.5 ± 12.0
    Fasting plasma glucose level (mmol/l)4.86 ± 0.764.73 ± 0.734.97 ± 0.624.77 ± 0.564.99 ± 0.70
    Treatment for hypertension*16.745.857.856.042.7
    ATP II–defined metabolic syndrome25.6 (20.5–31.5)56.3 (53.4–59.1)36.1 (33.0–39.2)25.8 (22.2–29.8)30.7 (28.4–33.2)
    IDF-defined metabolic syndrome28.1 (22.8–34.1)61.0 (58.2–63.7)41.0 (37.8–44.2)28.8 (25.0–32.9)33.6 (31.1–36.1)
    Current cigarette smokingN/A20.6 (18.4–23.0)13.6 (11.6–16.0)15.7 (12.8–19.1)18.6 (16.6–20.7)
  • Data are means ± SD or % (95% CI);

  • * Percent of subjects with hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg or taking antihypertensive medications); N/A, not available.