Table 2—

Demographic characteristics (at entry to pregnancy program)

All patientsType 1 diabetic patientsType 2 diabetic patients
n643225
Age (years)30.52 ± 5.4529.12 ± 5.4332.68 ± 4.82*
Duration of diabetes (years)8.92 ± 7.5412.38 ± 7.243.52 ± 4.03
No retinopathy65.648.792.0
Background retinopathy23.435.94.0
Proliferative retinopathy11.015.47.9
No nephropathy76.671.884.0
Microalbuminuria14.018.08.0
Proteinuria9.310.28.0
Hypertension17.215.821
  • Data are means ± SD or percent.

  • * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.001.