Table 1—

Summary of ADA clinical practice recommendations that can be evaluated among diabetic individuals in NHANES 1999–2002

CharacteristicClinical practice recommendationnNHANES assessment
A1C<7%451Lab portion of medical exam; available only for persons in NHANES 2001–2002
HDL cholesterol829Lab portion of medical exam
    Males>45 mg/dl
    Females>55 mg/dl
LDL cholesterol<100 mg/dl252Lab portion of morning medical exam; reported for persons who fasted ≥8 h
Triglycerides<200 mg/dl275Lab portion of morning medical exam; reported for persons who fasted ≥8 h
Blood pressureSystolic <130 mmHg and diastolic <80 mmHg870Medical exam
Albumin-to-creatinine ratio<30 μg/mg861Lab portion of medical exam
Daily caloric intake
    Protein10–20% of daily caloric intake912Medical exam
    Saturated fat<10% of daily caloric intake869Medical exam
    Unsaturated fat<10% of daily caloric intake869Medical exam
Daily fiber intake20–35 g daily871Medical exam
SmokingSmoking abstinence and cessation among current smokers990Household interview
Pneumococcal immunizationOne-time vaccination for individuals <65 and one-time revaccination for those ≥65 years if first vaccination was administered >5 years ago951Household interview
Physical activity≥30 min of moderate exercise on most days of the week648Assessed in household interview using MET scores from physical activity questionnaire; five or more moderate to vigorous activities or three or more vigorous activities lasting for at least 30 min per week defined as sufficient physical activity