Table 2—

Characteristics of adults aged ≥18 years with self-reported diabetes, NHANES 1999–2002

CharacteristicnMean or proportion ± SE
Age (mean years) (%)99859.1 ± 0.7
    18–3910.4 ± 1.5
    40–5937.9 ± 1.9
    60–7435.0 ± 1.6
    ≥7516.8 ± 1.7
Sex (% female)99850.9 ± 2.1
Race (%)998
    White61.7 ± 3.3
    Black16.5 ± 2.5
    Mexican American7.0 ± 1.3
    Other*14.7 ± 3.6
BMI (kg/m2)84131.8 ± 0.4
Waist circumference (cm)844
    Male419109.2 ± 1.5
    Female425105.8 ± 1.0
Fasting total cholesterol (mg/dl)386203.6 ± 3.1
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)329150.2 ± 4.0
Taking insulin (%)99627.4 ± 2.6
Taking oral hypoglycemic medications (%)99365.3 ± 2.4
Taking oral hypoglycemic medication or insulin (%)99882.2 ± 2.1
Taking insulin and orals (%)99110.4 ± 1.8
Duration of diabetes (years)922
    0–115.1 ± 2.0
    2–528.3 ± 1.8
    6–915.0 ± 1.7
    10–1414.1 ± 1.4
    ≥1527.5 ± 1.7
Self-reported cardiovascular disease (%)
    Congestive heart failure8948.8 ± 1.2
    Angina88611.3 ± 1.6
    Myocardial infarction89911.8 ± 1.9
    Stroke9047.6 ± 1.1
    Any cardiovascular disease90523.9 ± 2.1
Insurance coverage (% with any)97589.8 ± 1.3
Education994
    Less than high school37.1 ± 2.2
    High school equivalent, no college25.4 ± 2.2
    At least some college37.5 ± 2.3
Marital status (% married)94958.9 ± 2.8
Household income (in thousands)848
    <2033.8 ± 2.7
    20–3424.2 ± 1.8
    35–5419.9 ± 1.9
    ≥5522.1 ± 2.5
  • * Includes other Hispanics and other race including multiracial. Some categories do not add to 100.0 due to rounding.