Table 1—

Demographic characteristics by data collection site and total sample

Site 1Site 2*Total sample
Age (years)50.7 ± 11.556.7 ± 11.753.9 ± 11.9
Sex
    Male44 (43.1)43 (36.7)87 (39.7)
    Female58 (56.9)74 (63.3)132 (60.3)
Ethnicity
    White29 (28.2)87 (75.0)116 (52.9)
    African American48 (46.6)18 (15.5)66 (30.1)
    Latino/Hispanic17 (16.5)2 (1.7)19 (8.7)
    Other9 (8.7)9 (7.7)18 (8.2)
Education
    Less than high school7 (6.9)6 (5.1)13 (6.0)
    High school diploma/GED19 (18.8)24 (20.5)43 (19.7)
    Trade school2 (1.9)7 (5.9)9 (4.1)
    Part college32 (31.7)36 (30.8)68 (31.2)
    4-year college degree21 (20.8)18 (15.4)39 (17.9)
    Masters or postdegree18 (17.8)26 (22.2)44 (20.2)
Income (U.S. dollars)
    0–20,00017 (17.5)22 (20.6)39 (19.1)
    21,000–40,00032 (32.9)36 (33.6)68 (33.3)
    41,000–60,00026 (26.8)20 (18.7)46 (22.6)
    61,000–80,00011 (11.3)16 (14.9)27 (13.2)
    >80,00011 (11.3)13 (12.2)24 (11.8)
Home ownership46 (45)89 (76.2)135 (61.9)
Diabetes type
    Type 126 (25)29 (24.8)55 (24.9)
    Type 278 (75)88 (75.2)166 (75.1)
Diabetes treatment type
    Diet only14 (13.5)13 (11.1)27 (12.2)
    Oral agents53 (50.9)57 (48.7)110 (49.8)
    Insulin23 (22.1)24 (20.5)47 (21.3)
    Combination therapy12 (11.5)16 (13.7)28 (12.7)
    Other2 (1.9)7 (6)9 (4.0)
BMI (kg/m2)30.6 ± 6.831.5 ± 7.231.1 ± 7.1
Currently has medical insurance94 (92.2)107 (92.2)201 (92.2)
Currently has mental health insurance66 (66)77 (67.5)143 (66.8)
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • * χ2 and Student’s t test comparisons by site;

  • P < 0.001.