Table 1—

Characteristics of 882 participants according to the presence or absence of diabetes

No diabetesDiabetesP
n766116
Age (years)80.9 ± 6.878.0 ± 7.3<0.001
Male sex (%)25.136.20.011
Education (years)14.5 ± 3.013.7 ± 3.40.007
MMSE score/3027.9 ± 2.127.5 ± 2.70.185
Current smoking (%)3.56.10.189
Former smoking (%)35.536.80.782
Stroke (%)9.613.80.185
Myocardial infarction (%)11.516.40.168
Congestive heart failure (%)4.915.1<0.001
Claudication (%)6.76.90.844
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)136.3 ± 15.8139.1 ± 16.70.077
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)72.1 ± 10.170.9 ± 9.90.242
BMI (kg/m2)26.9 ± 5.230.1 ± 6.3<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise specified. MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination.