Table 2—

Unchanged postabsorptive parameters after 72 h high-fiber versus control diet (n = 17)

Prior dietHigh fiberControlP
Body composition
    Body weight (kg)77.7 ± 8.077.4 ± 7.90.340
    BMI (kg/m2)30.0 ± 2.129.9 ± 2.00.354
    Lean body mass (kg)48.2 ± 1.048.1 ± 1.00.514
Blood parameters
    Plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.91 ± 0.104.96 ± 0.100.676
    Serum insulin (pmol/l)29.7 ± 4.332.3 ± 4.90.139
    Serum C-peptide (nmol/l)0.65 ± 0.050.68 ± 0.060.365
    Nonesterified fatty acids (mmol/l)0.50 ± 0.030.49 ± 0.030.645
    Cholesterol (mmol/l)4.61 ± 0.244.59 ± 0.220.789
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.23 ± 0.041.22 ± 0.050.640
    LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.76 ± 0.202.75 ± 0.180.941
    Triacylglycerols (mmol/l)1.39 ± 0.151.37 ± 0.150.869
    Serum adiponectin (μg/ml)15.4 ± 1.716.3 ± 1.90.161
    Serum ghrelin (pg/ml)163.7 ± 17.5175.9 ± 18.80.151
    Serum magnesium (mmol/l)0.92 ± 0.020.90 ± 0.020.174
Other parameters
    Respiratory quotient0.87 ± 0.020.86 ± 0.010.921
    REE (kcal/day)1100 ± 451112 ± 480.662
  • Body composition data are means ± SD; all other data are means ± SE.