Table 1—

Baseline characteristics and stroke subtypes in stroke patients with diabetes, IFG/IGT, transient hyperglycemia, and normoglycemia

Diabetes*IFG/IGTHyperglycemiaNormoglycemiaP
n87574747
Characteristics
    Age (years)74.4 ± 11.272.8 ± 11.271.5 ± 15.265.9 ± 15.20.005
    Female sex54 ± 62.127 ± 47.129 ± 61.719 ± 40.40.048
    BMI (kg/m2)27.6 ± 5.327.1 ± 4.527 ± 4.526.3 ± 5.3NS
    Waist circumference (cm)103.2 ± 17.5103.8 ± 1699.6 ± 13.3102.2 ± 15.4NS
    NIHSS at admission7.2 ± 6.64.6 ± 3.14.2 ± 4.43.7 ± 3.6<0.001
    A1C (%)6.7 ± 1.65.6 ± 0.45.6 ± 0.45.6 ± 0.4<0.001
Vascular risk factors
    Hypertension73 (83.9)43 (76.8)31 (66)26 (55.3)0.004
    Atrial fibrillation24 (27.6)13 (23.2)10 (21.3)6 (12.8)NS
    Coronary heart disease19 (21.8)8 (14.3)5 (10.6)7 (14.9)NS
    Previous stroke23 (26.4)13 (23.2)11 (23.4)7 (14.8)NS
    Hypercholesterolemia39 (44.8)30 (53.6)19 (40.4)23 (48.9)NS
    Cigarette smoking14 (16.1)10 (17.9)8 (17)16 (34)NS
    Alcohol abuse (two or more beverages per day)11 (12.6)10 (17.9)12 (25.5)3 (6.4)NS
Stroke subtype
    TIA15 (17.2)8 (14)9 (19.1)12 (25.5)NS
    Minor stroke27 (30)25 (43.9)18 (38.3)20 (42.6)NS
    Major stroke37 (42.5)19 (33.3)19 (36.2)12 (25.5)NS
    Intracerebral hemorrhage8 (9.2)5 (8.8)3 (6.4)3 (6.4)NS
  • Data are means ±SD or n (%) unless otherwise indicated. Minor stroke was defined as stroke with mild, usually quickly resolving, symptoms of mostly lacunar syndromes; major stroke was defined as completed territorial infarcts with severe symptoms.

  • *

    * Known and newly diagnosed diabetes.