Table 1—

Absolute and relative risk (HR) for first major CVD events in type 1 diabetic men and women and nondiabetic comparison group free of prior CVD

nMen
Women
Type 1 diabetes
Without diabetes
Type 1 diabetes vs. comparison group
Type 1 diabetes
Without diabetes
Type 1 diabetes vs. comparison group
Absolute risk per 1,000 person-yearsAbsolute risk per 1,000 person-yearsHRAbsolute risk per 1,000 person-yearsAbsolute risk per 1,000 person-yearsHR
Acute coronary events2693.5 (2.7–4.4)1.3 (1.1–1.5)3.0 (2.2–4.1)2.9 (2.2–3.9)0.5 (0.3–0.7)7.6 (4.9–12.0)
Coronary revascularisations1132.0 (1.5–2.8)0.4 (0.3–0.6)5.0 (3.2–7.8)1.5 (1.0–2.3)0.1 (0.06–0.2)16.8 (7.5–37.5)
Stroke (fatal + nonfatal)1992.7 (2.1–3.6)0.8 (0.7–1.0)3.7 (2.6–5.3)2.0 (1.4–2.8)0.5 (0.3–0.7)4.8 (3.0–7.9)
Major CHD3525.1 (4.2–6.3)1.6 (1.4–1.9)3.6 (2.8–4.6)4.1 (3.2–5.2)0.5 (0.4–0.7)9.6 (6.4–14.5)
Fatal CVD1672.8 (2.1–3.7)0.5 (0.4–0.7)5.8 (3.9–8.6)2.5 (1.9–3.5)0.3 (0.2–0.4)11.6 (6.7–20.1)
Major CVD5087.3 (6.1–8.6)2.3 (2.0–2.6)3.6 (2.9–4.5)5.5 (4.4–6.8)0.9 (0.7–1.2)7.7 (5.5–10.7)
  • Data are risk (95% CI). Absolute risk is the absolute major CVD event rate expressed in person-years at risk. Acute coronary events defined as fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction and acute CHD death. Coronary revascularizations defined as coronary artery bypass graft, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, other angioplasty, or other coronary surgery. Major CHD defined as fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularizations, and acute CHD death. Major CVD defined as fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularizations, acute CHD death, and fatal and nonfatal stroke. Fatal CVD defined as death due to myocardial infarction, acute CHD, or stroke. All HRs are stratified for the matching variables (year of birth and sex).