Table 1—

Characteristics of study population of people with diabetes by manifestations of PAD (n = 1,894)

PAD
No incident PADIntermittent claudicationHospitalization, amputation, or revascularizationLow ABI
n1,6904157123
Male (%)48525138
Age (years)58 ± 5.760 ± 5.060 ± 5.158 ± 6.1
White (%)    60786159
Current smoking (%)18.420.035.124.6
Pack-years of smoking16.1 ± 23.427.7 ± 29.523.3 ± 23.918.9 ± 23.8
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.5 ± 1.03.4 ± 0.93.7 ± 0.93.6 ± 1.0
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.41.0 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.21.1 ± 0.4
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)128 ± 19125 ± 15131 ± 22131 ± 20
Hypertension medication (%)45.943.954.460.2
BMI (kg/m2)31.0 ± 5.930.2 ± 4.930.2 ± 6.32.2 ± 6.3
Waist-to-hip ratio0.97 ± 0.070.99 ± 0.060.98 ± 0.050.97 ± 0.07
Less than high school education (%)31.639.036.838.2
Use of sulfonylurea (%)21.946.317.522.8
Use of insulin (%)16.019.531.617.1
A1C (%)7.0 (2.1)8.3 (2.2)8.2 (2.5)7.3 (2.1)
  • Data are % or means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.