Table 3—

Fluid and electrolyte losses based on assumed 10% dehydration in a child (weight 30 kg, surface area 1 m2) with DKA

Fluid and electrolyteApproximate accumulated losses with 10% dehydrationApproximate requirements for maintenance (48 h)Working total (48 h)
Water (ml)3,0003,0006,000
Sodium (mEq)18090270
Potassium (mEq)15070220
Chloride (mEq)12060180
Phosphate (mmol)752095