Table 1—

Characteristics of the 64-year-old women in the study

DiabetesIGTNGT
n209205186
BMI (kg/m2)29.6 ± 4.927.7 ± 4.926.2 ± 3.4*
Waist (cm)98.3 ± 12.491.3 ± 11.888.0 ± 9.1*
Smoker51 (34)38 (19)37 (19)
Cigarette-years25 (0–1,840)40 (0–1,505)40 (0–1,400)
Blood glucose (mmol/l)7.2 ± 2.55.1 ± 0.64.8 ± 0.5*
HOMA3.13 ± 5.791.47 ± 1.221.10 ± 0.65*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)143 ± 20142 ± 19132 ± 17*
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.48 ± 0.411.62 ± 0.421.78 ± 0.43*
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.57 ± 0.991.36 ± 0.741.17 ± 0.56*
CRP (mg/l)1.90 ± 10.731.30 ± 3.731.27 ± 2.55*
WBCs (109/l)6.9 ± 1.86.3 ± 1.85.8 ± 1.5*
Previous myocardial infarction13 (6)2 (1)0
Previous stroke6 (3)6 (3)0
Insulin12 (6)00
Metformin40 (19)00
Sulfonylurea26 (12)00
Glitazone11 (5)00
Statin/fibrate58 (28)22 (11)0
Aspirin43 (21)21 (10)1 (1)*
Hormonal replacement therapy53 (25)65 (32)64 (34)
  • Data are means ±SD, n (%), or median (minimum–maximum).

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01 for trend.