Table 1—

Physician and nurse sample statistics*

MeasurePhysiciansNursesDifference
CountryNA
    Australia9.28.9
    France9.310.0
    Germany9.28.9
    India9.39.2
    Japan9.38.9
    The Netherlands9.29.3
    Poland9.28.9
    Scandinavia8.88.9
    Spain9.28.9
    U.K.9.29.1
    U.S.8.09.0
Respondent
    Age (years)46.6 ± 9.841.0 ± 8.6P ≤ 0.001
    Sex (female)27.495.2P ≤ 0.001
    Practice location3.1 ± 1.13.0 ± 1.2P ≤ 0.01
    Specialist23.553.4NA
    Practice duration (years)16.0 ± 8.910.6 ± 7.3P ≤ 0.001
    Number of type 1 diabetic patients16.7 ± 28.812.7 ± 34.5P ≤ 0.001
    Number of type 2 diabetic patients61.7 ± 84.336.2 ± 76.1P ≤ 0.001
    Percent minority patients12.1 ± 18.413.7 ± 20.4P ≤ 0.05
Perceptions
    Psychosocial problem prevalence25.1 ± 16.630.9 ± 18.7P ≤ 0.001
    Psychosocial problem impact3.7 ± 1.24.0 ± 1.2P ≤ 0.001
    Provider psychosocial skills3.9 ± 1.13.3 ± 1.2P ≤ 0.001
    Psychosocial specialist availability3.9 ± 1.73.6 ± 1.8P ≤ 0.001
    On-site psychosocial specialist availability0.3 ± 0.4NANA
    Provider psychosocial support2.5 ± 0.62.7 ± 0.6P ≤ 0.001
    Refer to psychosocial specialist2.6 ± 1.42.8 ± 1.5P ≤ 0.001
  • Data are means ± SD or percent.

  • *

    * Means are adjusted for proportion of specialists in samples.

  • Difference between professions assessed with control for proportion of specialists in samples. NA, not applicable.