Table 1—

Comparison of clinical characteristics and complication rates in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes in New South Wales from 1996 to 2005

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesP value
n1,43368
Age at last assessment (years)15.7 (13.9–17.0)15.3 (13.6–16.4)0.23
Age at diagnosis (years)8.1 (4.8–10.8)13.2 (11.6–15.0)<0.0001
Sex (male/female)674/75934/340.63
Duration (years)6.8 (4.7–9.6)1.3 (0.6–3.1)<0.0001
A1C (%)8.5 (7.8–9.5)7.3 (6.0–8.3)<0.0001
A1C <7.5%230/1,393 (17)42/66 (64)<0.0001
Insulin/weight1.15 (0.96–1.39)0.89 (0.51–1.31) (n = 9)0.063
BMI SD score0.80 (0.25–1.27)1.86 (1.28–2.40)<0.0001
Social disadvantage risk score0.23 (−0.17–0.80)0.14 (−0.47–0.560.058
From urban area957/1,419 (67)46/63 (73)0.56
Microalbuminuria81/1,325 (6)10/36 (28)<0.0001
Hypertension223/1,393 (16)21/58 (36)<0.0001
Retinopathy254/1,264 (20)1/25 (4)0.043
Peripheral nerve abnormality375/1,376 (27)5/24 (21)0.48
Pupillary abnormality568/928 (61)13/23 (57)0.65
Overweight452/1,411 (32)16/64 (25)0.24
Obese100/1,411 (7)36/64 (56)<0.0001
  • Data are median (interquartile range) or n (%) and are from last complications assessment