Table 4—

Multivariate RR of type 2 diabetes among women according to servings of dairy foods

Variables<1/month1–3/month1/week≥2/weekP for trend
Skim milk
    Cases/person-years275/58,525178/34,39597/24,5901032/244,200
    RR (95% CI)1.01.05 (0.86–1.27)0.87 (0.69–1.10)0.92 (0.78–1.09)0.22
Whole milk
    Cases/person-years1301/308,188121/21,30947/8,28695/16,191
    RR (95% CI)1.01.06 (0.88–1.28)1.32 (0.98–1.79)1.04 (0.84–1.30)0.30
Yogurt
    Cases/person-years744/149,622429/96,568156/40,301243/71,452
    RR (95% CI)1.00.98 (0.86–1.14)0.94 (0.78–1.13)0.82 (0.70–0.97)0.03
Sherbet
    Cases/person-years584/129,055552/124,390197/46,102243/59,929
    RR (95% CI)1.00.98 (0.87–1.10)0.97 (0.82–1.15)0.92 (0.77–1.05)0.22
Cottage cheese
    Cases/person-years653/146,681624/140,910168/41,461131/30,802
    RR (95% CI)1.01.01 (0.91–1.14)0.91 (0.76–1.08)0.86 (0.71–1.05)0.12
Ice cream
    Cases/person-years581/146,447589/131,214207/43,008194/38,391
    RR (95% CI)1.00.93 (0.83–1.05)0.94 (0.80–1.11)0.88 (0.74–1.05)0.17
Other cheese
    Cases/person-years104/22,345336/85,052397/89,623752/165,231
    RR (95% CI)1.00.78 (0.62–0.98)0.83 (0.66–1.04)0.80 (0.64–1.01)0.45
Cream cheese
    Cases/person-years807/187,531506/119,370132/29,055112/20,099
    RR (95% CI)1.00.99 (0.88–1.11)1.03 (0.85–1.25)1.19 (0.97–1.47)0.21
Cream
    Cases/person-years1219/267,599176/48,04338/10,143128/28,818
    RR (95% CI)1.00.81 (0.69–0.95)0.91 (0.66–1.26)1.03 (0.86–1.25)0.60
Sour cream
    Cases/person-years701/162,051613/141,780168/34,29987/19,249
    RR (95% CI)1.00.97 (0.86–1.08)1.11 (0.93–1.32)0.93 (0.74–1.18)0.97
  • Multivariate model adjusted for total energy intake, randomized-treatment assignment, age, family history of diabetes (yes/no), smoking status (never smoked, former smoker, or current smoker), BMI (continuous), hypercholesterolemia (yes/no), hypertension (yes/no), hormones (past, current, or never), physical activity (quintiles of METs), alcohol consumption (rarely/never, 1–3 drinks/month, 1–6 drinks/week, or >1 drink/day), dietary intakes (quintiles) of fibers, total fat, dietary glycemic load, dietary calcium, vitamin D, and magnesium.