Table 1—

Univariate associates of SMBG at study entry

No SMBGAny SMBGP value
n386900
Age (years)66.1 ± 12.363.2 ± 10.7<0.001
Sex (male)47.449.30.54
Diabetes duration (years)4.0 (1.4–10.0)3.9 (0.9–8.9)0.08
BMI (kg/m2)29.7 ± 6.129.5 ± 5.20.65
A1C (%)7.6 (6.4–8.9)7.3 (6.4–8.8)0.12
FPG (mmol/l)8.4 (6.9–11.3)8.5 (6.8–10.7)0.35
Diabetes control
    Diet and exercise35.930.40.06
    OHA56.855.70.76
    Insulin (±OHA)7.313.90.001
Self-reported hypoglycemia21.333.5<0.001
Ever attended diabetes education40.779.3<0.001
Coronary heart disease34.030.60.24
Cerebrovascular disease10.69.40.54
Urinary ACR
    Normal54.660.00.08
    Microalbuminuria33.232.10.74
    Macroalbuminuria12.27.80.017
Retinopathy16.816.20.80
Neuropathy32.330.10.46
Educated > primary level72.474.90.36
Not fluent in English16.814.60.31
Married/de facto relationship57.969.1<0.001
Indigenous Australian2.31.00.07
General practitioner
    Attended in previous year81.983.00.63
Diabetes clinic/medical specialist
    Attended in previous year23.638.3<0.001
Any exercise in past 2 weeks67.174.10.012
Smoking status
    Never45.444.40.76
    Ex40.540.00.90
    Current14.115.50.55
Daily alcohol consumption (standard drinks/day)0 (0.0–0.8)0 (0.0–0.3)0.027
Rosser Index0.986 (0.967–1.000)0.986 (0.956–0.995)0.040
DQOL
    Satisfaction1.5 (1.2–2.0)1.6 (1.2–2.1)0.37
    Worry1.5 (1.2–2.0)1.5 (1.2–2.0)0.56
    Frequency1.8 (1.5–2.2)1.8 (1.5–2.2)0.68
    Total1.7 (1.4–2.1)1.7 (1.4–2.1)0.88
  • Data are percent, means ± SD, or median (interquartile range). ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio.