Table 2—

Independent associates of SMBG and √(SMBG frequency) at study entry

Any SMBG useOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Ever attended diabetes education5.40 (4.11–7.09)<0.001
Diabetes duration (increase of 5 years)0.83 (0.74–0.92)<0.001
Married/de facto relationship1.86 (1.41–2.46)<0.001
Self-reported hypoglycemia1.72 (1.25–2.37)0.001
Attended diabetes clinic/medical specialist in previous year1.72 (1.26–2.34)0.001
Insulin (±OHA) use2.16 (1.24–3.76)0.006
√(SMBG frequency)Regression coefficient, βP value
Insulin (±OHA)1.21<0.001
Ever attended diabetes education0.62<0.001
Diabetes duration (increase of 5 years)−0.14<0.001
Self-reported hypoglycemia0.35<0.001
Attended diabetes clinic/medical specialist in previous year0.28<0.001
√(Daily alcohol consumption) (increase of 1 standard drink)−0.170.001
Married/de facto relationship0.170.020
Any exercise in past 2 weeks0.160.035