Table 1—

Subject characteristics according to a history of GDM

No GDMPrior GDMP
n662332
Age (years)52.4 ± 0.648.6 ± 0.7<0.001
Number of living children3.5 ± 0.23.3 ± 0.10.6
Postmenopausal57.948.30.005
BMI (kg/m2)33.7 ± 0.634.4 ± 1.20.6
Race/ethnicity*0.001
    Caucasian202 (30.5)83 (25.0)
    African American191 (28.9)132 (39.8)
    Latina261 (39.4)107 (32.2)
    Othern7 (0.01)10 (0.03)
Education beyond high school31.736.30.2
Alcohol use52.555.60.3
Tobacco smoker41.043.80.4
  • Data are means ± SE or n (%).

  • *

    * Race not recorded for one subject in the No GDM group.