Table 2—

CVD risk factors according to a history of GDM

No GDM*Prior GDM*PAdjusted P
Waist (cm)104.0 ± 0.7 (597)106.4 ± 1.0 (293)0.050.2
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)127.9 ± 0.8 (604)127.9 ± 1.1 (297)1.00.07
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.4 ± 0.477.1 ± 0.70.40.3
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.09 ± 0.011.09 ± 0.020.91.0
Non-HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.83 ± 0.053.95 ± 0.070.10.02
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.08 ± 0.04 (630)3.21 ± 0.05 (308)<0.050.01
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.93 ± 0.05 (631)5.05 ± 0.06 (313)0.080.009
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.669 ± 0.0681.732 ± 0.0960.50.07
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)8.04 ± 0.15 (620)9.39 ± 0.24 (302)<0.001<0.001
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)83.5 (7.6–566.4) (299)102 (15–1656.7) (299)0.005<0.001
  • Data are means ± SE, means ± SE (n), or median (range) (n).

  • *

    * No GDM n = 633 and Prior GDM n = 313 except where noted in the results column.

  • Adjusted for age, menopausal status, and clustering on the proband.