Table 3—

Proportion of subjects meeting the individual National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the metabolic syndrome according to a history of GDM

CriteriaNo GDMPrior GDMOR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)P*
n575278
Waist circumference80.9%84.5%1.28 (0.86–1.91)1.54 (1.01–2.36)0.047
Blood pressure55.6%61.0%1.25 (0.95–1.63)1.67 (1.23–2.28)0.001
HDL cholesterol76.9%77.4%1.03 (0.75–1.41)0.98 (0.70–1.38)0.9
Triglycerides30.7%31.0%1.02 (0.76–1.35)1.15 (0.85–1.56)0.4
Fasting plasma glucose72.8%94.9%6.88 (4.10–11.54)8.46 (4.86–14.73)<0.001
Metabolic syndrome73.5%86.6%2.33 (1.58–3.41)3.18 (2.08–4.86)<0.001
  • Odds of the outcome variable in women with Prior GDM compared with No GDM.

  • *

    * Adjusted for age and menopausal status and clustering on the proband.