Table 1—

Patient characteristics stratified by L/S ratio

L/S ratio tertiles
Upper: normalMid: moderate steatosisLower: severe steatosis
n222322
Range of L/S ratio1.006–1.3460.793–0.9970.153–0.784
L/S ratio1.16 ± 0.020.89 ± 0.01*0.64 ± 0.03*
Percent women596155
Age (years)52.87 ± 1.7150.34 ± 1.4552.32 ± 1.84
A1C (%)8.27 ± 0.308.45 ± 0.387.88 ± 0.28
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)10.00 ± 0.4810.23 ± 0.5610.10 ± 0.61
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)76.20 ± 17.52109.4 ± 11.16114.1 ± 10.50
Fasting FFAs (mmol/l)0.64 ± 0.030.74 ± 0.030.67 ± 0.03
BMI (kg/m2)30.91 ± 0.9136.52 ± 1.3133.87 ± 0.85
Percent body fat35.15 ± 2.0740.90 ± 1.5436.74 ± 1.36
STAT (cm2)113.77 ± 13.55135.62 ± 13.74102.49 ± 10.21
SAT (cm2)403.27 ± 30.35459.24 ± 25.58409.49 ± 25.06
VAT (cm2)176.38 ± 15.97271.99 ± 19.35*273.36 ± 16.03*
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 vs. normal group.

  • P < 0.05 for marked vs. moderate steatosis groups.

  • P < 0.05 vs. normal group. SAT, subcutaneous abdominal (adipose) tissue; STAT, subcutaneous thigh adipose tissue.