Table 2—

Hazard ratios for composite cardiovascular end point of women relative to men

VariablesHazard ratio (95% CI)P value
Univariate
    Women relative to men3.19 (1.11–9.21)0.03
Multiple Cox regression: model 1
    Women relative to men (adjusted for age, systolic blood pressure, BMI, total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio, current smoking, and urinary albumin excretion)6.40 (1.24–32.93)0.02
Multiple Cox regression: model 2
    Women relative to men (adjusted for age, systolic blood pressure, BMI, total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio, current smoking, and retinopathy)8.23 (1.81–37.62)0.009