Table 2—

Diabetes processes of care, cardiovascular risk factor levels, and patient-rated satisfaction and quality of care among TRIAD participants

Process-of-care characteristicParticipants
n8,733*
Mean of group/plan means for the sum of care processes(n = 71)5.0 ± 0.4
Mean of individual patient sums of care processes5.1 ± 1.5
Distribution of individual sums of care processes (%)
    00
    12
    24
    38
    416
    524
    628
    719
Assessment of individual processes of care (%)
    LDL cholesterol assessed, allowing for high triglyceride values69
    Proteinuria assessed78
    Aspirin advised or recorded54
    Eye exam performed78
    Foot exam performed84
    Glycemic control assessed (i.e., A1C)85
    Influenza immunization65
Cardiometabolic risk factor levels
    Last A1C test (%)8.2 ± 2.1
    Last SBP (mmHg)136.2 ± 19.0
    Last DBP (mmHg)76.8 ± 11.1
    Last HDL cholesterol value (mg/dl)46.9 ± 13.2
    Last LDL cholesterol value (mg/dl)112.3 ± 33.8
Patient satisfaction scales
    CHS (2–6 scale)5.5 ± 1.0
    GNC (2–6 scale)5.6 ± 0.8
    HDC (4–12 scale)10.6 ± 2.1
    Quality-of-care rating(1–5 scale)§2.1 ± 1.0
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Excludes participants without baseline chart data (3,107) or missing exposures (3,107 missing all exposures, plus 87 additional participants missing only influenza vaccination).

  • Sums of care processes from a 0- to 7-point scale (see text for details).

  • Participants with missing LDL cholesterol values because of triglyceride values >400 mg/dl were removed from the denominator.

  • §

    § Likert-style rating system: 1 = ′poor;′ 2 = ′fair;′ 3 = ′good;′ 4 = ′very good;′ 5 = ′excellent.′ DBP, diastolic blood pressure.