Table 2—

Odds ratios of selected CVD risk factors and of at least two CVD risk factors in relation to age, sex, ethnicity, and diabetes type (2001 prevalent and 2002 incident cases)

↑BP↑TGs↓HDL↑WaistAt least two CVD risk factors
Age at examination
    3–9 years1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)
    10–19 years1.83 (1.39–2.41)6.12 (3.70–10.13)1.87 (1.25–2.79)1.32 (0.96–1.80)2.76 (1.89–4.03)
Sex
    Male1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)
    Female0.79 (0.65–0.97)1.16 (0.91–1.47)0.67 (0.51–0.88)1.77 (1.39–2.26)1.10 (0.86–1.40)
Race/ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic white1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)
    Asian/Pacific Islander1.61 (0.84–3.05)1.43 (0.70–2.93)1.56 (0.62–2.97)1.09 (0.50–2.38)1.68 (0.81–3.48)
    African American1.48 (1.04–2.11)0.70 (0.45–1.10)0.58 (0.34–0.97)1.30 (0.85–1.98)1.06 (0.69–1.63)
    Hispanic1.52 (1.11–2.07)1.79 (1.27–2.51)1.13 (0.75–1.71)1.63 (1.14–2.33)2.25 (1.60–3.16)
    Multiple race1.28 (0.77–2.13)0.55 (0.27–1.14)0.83 (0.41–1.70)2.08 (1.20–3.59)1.24 (0.67–2.30)
    Native American2.22 (1.10–4.48)3.58 (1.73–7.42)1.36 (0.64–2.91)1.05 (0.43–2.56)2.0.79 (1.24–6.31)
Diabetes type
    Type 1A1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)1.00 (ref.)
    Possible type 1A1.80 (1.24–2.61)1.63 (1.07–2.50)2.81 (1.80–4.38)3.39 (2.31–4.97)3.66 (2.50–5.35)
    Hybrid5.04 (2.26–11.25)5.85 (2.59–13.21)11.49 (5.18–25.48)63.99 (14.81–276.48)17.64 (6.86–45.39)
    Possible type 11.34 (1.03–1.74)1.14 (0.83–1.58)1.30 (0.90–1.87)0.69 (0.48–0.98)0.86 (0.61–1.21)
    Possible type 22.12 (1.37–3.29)3.39 (2.13–5.38)4.30 (2.62–7.07)4.83 (3.09–7.55)4.74 (3.02–7.42)
    Type 26.56 (3.63–11.86)7.33 (4.11–13.08)14.38 (8.01–25.81)100.93 (30.66–332.32)46.77 (18.23–120.00)
  • Data are odds ratio (95% CI). From logistic regression models, each result adjusted for all other variables shown. ↑BP, systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥90th percentile for age, sex, and height or taking blood pressure medication; ↓HDL, HDL cholesterol ≤40 mg/dl; ↑TGs, triglycerides ≥110 mg/dl; ↑Waist, waist circumference ≥90th percentile for age and sex.