Table 1

Maternal baseline characteristics by mild GDM treatment group

CharacteristicTreated (n = 264)Untreated (n = 236)P value
Age (years)29.2 ± 5.228.7 ± 5.50.31
Glucose after 50-g glucose-loading test (mg/dL)158.2 ± 15.3158.4 ± 15.40.90
Glucose in 3-h OGTT (mg/dL)
Fasting glucose86.9 ± 5.786.5 ± 5.60.30
 1-h OGTT191.0 ± 21.2192.9 ± 19.10.13
 2-h OGTT172.5 ± 21.4172.5 ± 18.50.79
 3-h OGTT138.2 ± 29.1133.7 ± 31.60.15
BMI at entry (kg/m2)30.2 ± 5.130.6 ± 5.40.44
Gestational age at entry (weeks)28.8 ± 1.629.0 ± 1.40.34
Race/ethnicity0.53
 Non-Hispanic black28 (10.6)27 (11.4)
 Non-Hispanic white84 (31.8)65 (27.5)
 Hispanic144 (54.6)132 (55.9)
 Other8 (3.0)12 (5.1)
  • Data are mean ± SD and n (%). OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test.

  • Based on the χ2 test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous variables.