Table 1—

Risk* of type 2 diabetes by quintiles of anthropometric measurements and estimates of body composition: the EPIC-Potsdam study

Men (n = 9,711)
Women (n = 15,402)
Quintiles of anthropometric characteristics
Quintiles of anthropometric characteristics
1234512345
Anthropometric measurements
    Weight (kg)1.001.75 (1.13–2.73)2.83 (1.87–4.27)3.70 (2.48–5.54)7.57 (5.17–11.1)1.000.98 (0.52–1.83)1.65 (0.94–2.87)2.62 (1.57–4.39)8.50 (5.29–13.7)
    Height (cm)1.000.74 (0.57–0.95)0.63 (0.48–0.83)0.72 (0.55–0.94)0.71 (0.53–0.95)1.000.90 (0.66–1.23)1.16 (0.86–1.57)0.84 (0.59–1.18)1.10 (0.78–1.55)
    Waist circumference (cm)1.002.03 (1.18–3.50)2.91 (1.74–4.87)5.19 (3.18–8.46)11.5 (7.19–18.5)1.001.18 (0.43–3.26)4.88 (2.05–11.6)5.59 (2.39–13.1)25.7 (11.3–58.4)
    Hip circumference (cm)1.001.38 (0.92–2.05)2.13 (1.47–3.11)3.13 (2.20–4.45)5.36 (3.82–7.53)1.002.03 (1.08–3.81)2.50 (1.37–4.59)4.52 (2.56–7.98)9.67 (5.58–16.7)
    Chest depth (cm)1.001.74 (0.99–3.07)4.46 (2.70–7.37)5.02 (3.04–8.30)10.3 (6.33–16.7)1.001.07 (0.47–2.40)3.00 (1.50–6.03)4.76 (2.44–9.27)13.1 (6.88–25.0)
    Chest breadth (cm)1.001.68 (1.12–2.50)2.43 (1.67–3.54)2.83 (1.95–4.11)4.52 (3.17–6.43)1.001.23 (0.71–2.14)2.01 (1.23–3.29)2.89 (1.81–4.61)6.01 (3.88–9.31)
    Biceps skinfold (cm)1.001.63 (1.12–2.37)2.01 (1.31–3.10)3.54 (2.50–5.01)6.18 (4.40–8.67)1.002.15 (1.20–3.84)3.00 (1.72–5.25)4.53 (2.70–7.62)8.86 (5.35–14.7)
    Triceps skinfold (cm)1.001.23 (0.89–1.70)1.37 (0.97–1.94)1.87 (1.35–2.58)2.93 (2.17–3.95)1.001.47 (0.95–2.26)1.18 (0.73–1.92)2.07 (1.38–3.11)4.61 (3.16–6.72)
    Subscapular skinfold (cm)1.001.85 (1.17–2.92)3.47 (2.28–5.29)4.36 (2.89–6.59)9.47 (6.40–14.0)1.001.37 (0.65–2.90)3.20 (1.68–6.08)7.59 (4.16–13.9)14.9 (8.27–26.8)
    Suprailiac skinfold (cm)1.001.74 (1.18–2.57)2.20 (1.50–3.23)3.63 (2.52–5.23)5.45 (3.83–7.75)1.001.69 (0.85–3.34)3.21 (1.70–6.06)5.65 (3.08–10.4)12.4 (6.86–22.3)
Estimates of body composition
    BMI (kg/m2)1.002.47 (1.38–4.39)3.86 (2.23–6.66)5.95 (3.51–10.1)14.6 (8.79–24.3)1.001.11 (0.51–2.40)1.93 (0.97–3.86)4.12 (2.17–7.83)11.8 (6.38–21.9)
    WHR1.001.67 (1.00–2.77)2.30 (1.43–3.71)3.74 (2.38–5.90)8.56 (5.53–13.3)1.000.58 (0.22–1.51)2.36 (1.15–4.84)5.38 (2.77–10.4)13.7 (7.16–26.1)
    Waist-to-height ratio1.005.62 (2.53–12.5)7.76 (3.55–17.0)13.8 (6.39–29.7)31.2 (14.6–66.5)1.000.74 (0.24–2.31)2.81 (1.15–6.88)7.12 (3.06–16.6)23.3 (10.2–53.1)
    Metric index1.002.32 (1.23–4.39)4.75 (2.63–8.58)7.21 (4.05–12.8)13.7 (7.76–24.1)1.000.93 (0.38–2.25)3.11 (1.50–6.43)4.02 (1.97–8.17)13.7 (6.94–27.1)
    Percentage body fat1.001.64 (1.06–2.56)2.52 (1.67–3.80)3.41 (2.28–5.09)7.49 (5.15–10.9)1.002.76 (1.18–6.43)4.41 (1.98–9.83)9.40 (4.34–20.4)20.2 (9.47–43.2)
  • Data are RR (95% CI).

  • *

    * Adjusted for age, education (in or no training, vocational training, technical school, or technical college or university degree), occupational activity (light, moderate, or heavy), sport activity (0, 0.1–4.0, or >4.0 h/week), biking (0, 0.1–2.4, 2.5–4.9, or ≥5 h/week), smoking (never, past, current <20 cigarettes/day, or current ≥20 cigarettes/day), and alcohol consumption (0, 0.1–5.0, 5.1–10.0, 10.1–20.0, 20.1–40.0, or >40.0 g/day). Tests for trend were all significant at P < 0.0001, except for height among men (P = 0.009) and women (P = 0.78).