Table 1—

Age and frequencies of other background characteristics of the GOAL intervention participants

Female subjectsMale subjects
n26587
Age (years)58 ± 4.359 ± (3.7)
Basic education*
    Elementary164 (63)63 (74)
    Secondary65 (25)17 (20)
    High school31 (12)5 (6)
Employment
    Employed98 (38)35 (41)
    Unemployed39 (15)9 (11)
    Retired124 (47)41 (48)
Marital status
    Married or cohabited183 (69)66 (76)
Glucose tolerance§
    Normal205 (77)57 (66)
    Impaired60 (23)30 (34)
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • *

    * Missing values n (female subjects) = 5 and n (male subjects) = 2.

  • Missing values n (females) = 4 and n (males) = 2.

  • Plasma glucose after 2-h challenge: normal <7.8 mmol/l and impaired = 7.8–11.0 mmol/l.

  • §

    § Statistically significant difference between the sexes (χ2 = 4.826, P < 0.05).