Table 3—

Success rates (%) in reaching the intervention objectives at 1-year follow-up in the GOAL study* (participants by baseline status on meeting the lifestyle objectives and the total sample) and in the DPS (2)

Intervention objectiveGOAL participants not meeting lifestyle objectives at baselineGOAL participants meeting lifestyle objectives at baselineGOAL total sampleDPS intervention sample
n28171352265
Total fat <30 E%44614847
Saturated fat <10 E%29553426
Fiber ≥15 g /1,000 kcal§47735225
Moderate-intensity physical activity ≥30 min/day60866686
Weight reduction >5%11181243
Four to five objectives attained#14382018
  • *

    * Intention to treat, nonrespondents regarded as not reaching the intervention objectives.

  • Statistically significant difference between the GOAL subsamples (χ2 = 5.874, P < 0.05).

  • Statistically significant difference between the GOAL subsamples (χ2 = 17.189, P < 0.001) and between DPS and GOAL total sample (χ2 = 4.614, P < 0.05).

  • §

    § Statistically significant difference between the GOAL subsamples (χ2 = 16.091, P < 0.001) and between DPS and GOAL total sample (χ2 = 46.070, P < 0.001).

  • Statistically significant difference between the GOAL subsamples (χ2 = 16.232, P < 0.001) and between DPS and GOAL total sample (χ2 = 33.068, P < 0.001).

  • Statistically significant difference between DPS and GOAL total sample (χ2 = 75.613, P < 0.001).

  • #

    # Statistically significant difference between the GOAL subsamples (χ2 = 21.697, P < 0.001).