Table 1—

Demographics and clinical characteristics

Age63 ± 14
Male42
Race/ethnicity
    African American268 (38)
    White215 (31)
    Latino164 (23)
Health insurance
    Private66
    Medicare46
    Medicaid18
Annual income ($)
    <10,00020
    10–25,00026
    25–50,00034
    >50,00021
Duration of diabetes9.9 ± 8.6
Self-reported comorbid conditions or complications
    Hypertension74
    Hypercholesterolemia65
    Eye disease19
    Kidney disease8
    Foot disease (peripheral neuropathy and amputation)52
    Heart disease30
    Stroke11
Risk factor levels
    A1C7.45 ± 1.62
    A1C <7%47
    LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)97 ± 34
    LDL cholesterol <100 (mg/dl)61
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)13 ± 18
    Systolic blood pressure <130 mmHg42
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)74 ± 11
    Diastolic blood pressure <80 mmHg65
Mean number of medications6 ± 4
Mean number of glucose-lowering medications
    Chart report2 ± 1
    Interview report1 ± 1
Mean number of diabetes-related medications (including blood pressure, cholesterol, and aspirin)
    Chart report4 ± 2
    Interview report4 ± 2
Glucose-lowering therapy
    Diet alone
Chart report14
Interview report19
    Oral medications alone
Chart report61
Interview report58
    Insulin and oral medications
Chart report11
Interview report10
    Insulin alone
Chart report14
Interview report13
Aspirin
    Chart report38
    Interview report40
Cholesterol-lowering drug
    Chart report61
    Interview report57
Blood pressure–lowering drug
    Chart report77
    Interview report73
  • Data are means ± SD, n (%), or %. n = 701.