Table 2—

Variables related to coronary heart mortality in diabetic patients by Cox regression analysis

VariablesUnivariate
Multivariate
P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)
Type 1 diabetic patients
    Age (years)<0.011.1 (1.0–1.2)NS
    Mean A1C (%)<0.013.9 (1.8–9.8)NS
    Diabetes duration (years)NSNS
    Creatinine (μmol/l)0.011.1 (1.0–1.3)NS
    Hypertension<0.013.9 (1.8–8.3)NS
    MicroalbuminuriaNSNS
    Hemodialysis treatment<0.017.3 (2.2–24.0)<0.014.7 (1.4–12.4)
    Triglycerides (mmol/l)<0.012.4 (1.5–3.6)NS
    LDL (mmol/l)NSNS
    BMI (kg/m2)NSNS
    Smoking0.052.0 (0.9–14.1)NS
    CHD at baseline<0.019.3 (2.5–25.5)<0.014.8 (1.9–18.3)
    AF (AU)<0.016.0 (2.5–14.2)<0.012.0 (1.3–2.7)
Type 2 diabetic patients
    Age (years)NSNS
    Mean A1C (%)0.031.6 (1.0–2.3)NS
    Diabetes duration (years)NSNS
    Creatinine (μmol/l)0.011.1 (1.0–1.2)NS
    Hypertension0.011.7 (1.1–2.7)NS
    MicroalbuminuriaNSNS
    Hemodialysis treatment0.015.9 (2.5–13.7)<0.014.9 (1.9–12.5)
    Triglycerides (mmol/l)<0.013.8 (1.8–7.8)NS
    LDL (mmol/l)<0.013.0 (1.9–4.8)NS
    BMI (kg/m2)0.011.2 (1.0–1.5)NS
    Smoking0.023.3 (1.1–9.5)NS
    CHD at baseline<0.018.6 (2.9–25.3)<0.015.0 (1.5–16.0)
    AF (AU)<0.012.9 (1.8–6.1)<0.012.9 (1.3–4.4)
  • AF, skin autofluorescence measured with the AFR (see research design and methods); AU, arbitrary units.