Table 2—

Body composition parameters in HIV-infected patients with and without metabolic syndrome

Body compositionIDF
ATPIII
Metabolic syndromeNo metabolic syndromeP valueMetabolic syndromeNo metabolic syndromeP value
n114672139649
Anthropometry
    Waist (cm)98 ± 984 ± 10<0.000193 ± 1285 ± 10<0.0001
    Hip (cm)98 ± 991 ± 9<0.000195 ± 1192 ± 100.0001
    Waist-to-hip ratio1.00 ± 0.090.93 ± 0.09<0.00010.98 ± 0.10.93 ± 0.1<0.0001
DEXA measures
    Total fat (kg)19 ± 712 ± 8<0.000115 ± 1013 ± 80.0009
    Total fat (%)26 ± 819 ± 9<0.000121 ± 1120 ± 80.15
    Peripheral fat (kg)7 ± 45 ± 4<0.00016 ± 45.4 ± 4.00.5
    Peripheral fat (%)21 ± 1017 ± 10<0.000117 ± 1017 ± 100.4
    Trunk fat (kg)12 ± 47 ± 4<0.000110 ± 67 ± 4<0.0001
    Trunk fat (%)29 ± 820 ± 9<0.000124 ± 1021 ± 90.002
    Lean tissue (kg)54 ± 1150 ± 9<0.000154 ± 1050 ± 9<0.0001
    Lean tissue (%)74 ± 981 ± 9<0.000179 ± 1180 ± 90.15
CT measures
    VAT (cm2)198 ± 107107 ± 72<0.0001176 ± 102107 ± 75<0.0001
    SAT (cm2)206 ± 122120 ± 102<0.0001158 ± 138127 ± 1010.004
  • Data are expressed as means ± SD. DEXA, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; SAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT, visceral adipose tissue.