Table 1—

Subject characteristics

ControlType 2 diabetic
Age (years)47 ± 647 ± 4
Weight (kg)81.5 ± 18.584.0 ± 8.8
BMI (kg/m2)28.0 ± 3.030.8 ± 4.3
A1C (%)5.4 ± 0.26.75 ± 1.2*
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)8.0 ± 3.613.6 ± 12.1
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)96 ± 9128 ± 42
Body fat (%)32.6 ± 732.7 ± 7
  • Data are means ± SD. Body fat was calculated from a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan.

  • *

    * P < 0.01;

  • P < 0.05, type 2 diabetic versus control subjects.