Table 2—

Arterial hemodynamics of participants with and without type 1 diabetes

Hemodynamic parameterType 1 diabetesNo type 1 diabetesP value
Heart rate (bpm)69 ± 1366 ± 130.52
Brachial systolic pressure (mmHg)113 ± 13108 ± 120.30
Brachial diastolic pressure (mmHg)59 ± 965 ± 100.05
Mean pressure (mmHg)79 ± 981 ± 110.48
Brachial pulse pressure (mmHg)54 ± 1343 ± 100.002
Carotid pulse pressure (mmHg)45 ± 1136 ± 100.02
PWV (m/s)5.9 ± 0.95.9 ± 0.70.83
Augmentation index (%)−1.5 ± 15.4−4.8 ± 16.70.45
Aortic characteristic impedance, Zc (dyne × s/cm5)179 ± 57136 ± 420.004
Stroke volume (nl)69 ± 1272 ± 170.41
Peak aortic flow (ml/s)329 ± 59340 ± 670.60
Forward pressure wave amplitude (mmHg)43 ± 1134 ± 100.013
Reflected wave amplitude (mmHg)12 ± 311 ± 30.21
Ratio of reflected to forward pressure wave amplitude0.29 ± 0.060.32 ± 0.720.17
Mean peripheral resistance (dyne × s/cm5)1,395 ± 2991,427 ± 2770.72
LVOT diameter (cm)2.04 ± 0.182.17 ± 0.190.01
Aortic diameter (cm)2.70 ± 0.272.85 ± 0.280.30
  • Data are means ± SD. P value was determined by paired Student’s t tests.