Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of the study population

NondiabeticType 2 diabeticP
n2412
Age (years)55.4 ± 254.6 ± 20.78
Diabetes duration (years)5.6 ± 1
BMI (kg/m2)29.1 ± 131.3 ± 10.071
Waist (cm)106.5 ± 2111.8 ± 20.10
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)130 ± 3136 ± 40.29
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79 ± 282 ± 20.38
A1C (%)5.6 ± 0.17.2 ± 0.3<0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.4 ± 0.18.2 ± 0.5<0.001
Fasting plasma insulin (pmol/l)56 ± 5100 ± 17<0.01
HOMA-IR1.0 ± 0.12.0 ± 0.3<0.01
Oral glucose insulin sensitivity (ml/min per m2)427 ± 12328 ± 11<0.001
NEFAs (μmol/l)609 ± 39676 ± 790.40
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.0 ± 0.24.7 ± 0.30.25
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.37 ± 0.11.05 ± 0.1<0.01
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.1 ± 0.12.8 ± 0.30.29
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.12.4 ± 0.50.001
Alanine aminotransferase (units/l)27.6 ± 232.0 ± 30.24
  • Data are means ± SE.