Table 1—

BMI and serum concentrations of glucose, ROS, GSH, vitamin E, HNE, pentosidine, and cytokines in the study group at baseline

Control subjectsDiabetic patientsP
n2020
BMI (kg/m2)23.50 ± 1.1225.50 ± 1.14NS
Glucose (mg/ml)78.00 ± 4.20131.00 ± 7.70<0.001
ROS (UF/ml)111.9 ± 5.2353.3 ± 42.3<0.001
GSH (μg/ml)91.6 ± 7.456.9 ± 9.0<0.001
Vitamin E (μmol/l)126.2 ± 8.565.8 ± 5.3<0.001
HNE (μmol/l)1.65 ± 0.215.15 ± 0.81<0.05
Pentosidine (μmol/l)0.75 ± 0.062.44 ± 0.18<0.001
TNF-α (pg/ml)2.34 ± 0.503.91 ± 1.00NS
sTNF-RI (pg/ml)1,039 ± 941,584 ± 100<0.001
sTNF-RII (pg/ml)1,792 ± 1473,136 ± 291<0.001
  • Data are means ± SE. Statistical analysis was performed using the unpaired data Student's t test.