Table 2—

Age- and BMI-adjusted mean levels of selected risk factors according to sex and case/control status

Women
Men
P value for interaction*
Case subjectsControl subjectsP valueCase subjectsControl subjectsP value
n5215639117
Waist (cm)87.985.60.02392.992.40.6270.219
CRP (μg/ml)4.44.00.4522.72.20.1120.854
Interleukin-6 (pg/ml)2.82.80.8561.92.20.1590.405
E-selectin (ng/ml)51.045.50.07341.143.60.4240.036
sICAM-1 (ng/ml)272.5252.00.022257.8264.40.5230.017
PAI-1 (ng/ml)34.725.90.00129.231.60.4200.003
Adiponectin (ng/ml)9.711.40.0236.66.90.6360.189
ln triglycerides (mg/dl)4.74.50.0584.74.60.2130.257
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)91.688.3<0.00194.290.7<0.0010.973
ln ACR (mg/g)1.61.50.7111.81.80.8010.823
HOMA-IR3.32.70.1493.63.30.2620.829
Hypertension (%)46.126.90.01165.554.50.2030.320
  • Data are means.

  • *

    * Interaction of sex by case-control status.

  • Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg or receiving treatment.