Table 3—

Age-, BMI-, and HOMA-IR–adjusted mean levels of selected risk factors according to sex and case/control status

Women
Men
P value for interaction*
Case subjectsControl subjectsP valueCase subjectsControl subjectsP value
n5215639117
Waist (cm)87.785.80.05693.292.50.5110.354
CRP (μg/ml)4.54.10.4572.82.20.1100.845
Interleukin-6 (pg/ml)2.82.90.7621.92.20.2250.458
E-selectin (ng/ml)51.245.50.06240.543.20.3740.036
sICAM-1 (ng/ml)273.0254.50.036254.8264.00.3740.010
PAI-1 (ng/ml)34.627.00.00326.831.70.0970.001
Adiponectin (ng/ml)9.611.10.0556.86.90.9030.131
ln triglycerides (mg/dl)4.64.50.2304.74.60.3630.306
ln ACR (mg/g)1.61.50.7831.71.80.5230.765
Hypertension (%)44.528.80.03563.654.80.3060.331
  • Data are means.

  • *

    * Interaction of sex by case-control status.

  • Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg or receiving treatment.