Table 2—

Independent associations of patterns of physical activity from accelerometry and intermediary phenotypic risk factors and clustered metabolic risk in middle-aged adults with a family history of type 2 diabetes

OutcomeSedentaryP valueLightP valueMVPAP valueTotal countsP valueFitnessP value
Waist (cm)0.04 (−0.07 to 0.14)0.510.03 (−0.08 to 0.13)0.63−0.10 (−0.21 to 0.01)0.07−0.09 (−0.20 to 0.01)0.090.005 (−0.003 to 0.013)0.21
Blood pressure0.02 (−0.09 to 0.12)0.77−0.02 (−0.12 to 0.09)0.75−0.03 (−0.14 to 0.07)0.53−0.03 (−0.14 to 0.08)0.59−0.005 (−0.1 to 0.002)0.17
Insulin (mol · l−1)0.10 (0.001–0.19)0.049−0.06 (−0.18 to 0.07)0.40−0.12 (−0.21 to −0.02)0.02−0.14 (−0.23 to −0.04)0.005−0.01 (−0.02 to −0.004)0.003
Glucose (mmol · l−1)−0.02 (−0.13 to 0.09)0.730.03 (−0.08 to 0.14)0.600.05 (−0.06 to 0.16)0.370.002 (−0.11 to 0.11)0.97−0.003 (−0.01 to 0.005)0.50
Triglycerides (mmol · l−1)0.08 (−0.04 to 0.20)0.20−0.12 (−0.23 to −0.001)0.03−0.06 (−0.18 to 0.05)0.27−0.12 (−0.23 to −0.003)0.04−0.004 (−0.01 to 0.004)0.30
Inverted HDL (mmol · l−1)0.10 (−0.01 to 0.21)0.08−0.06 (−0.17 to 0.05)0.28−0.07 (−0.17 to 0.03)0.17−0.11 (−0.20 to −0.001)0.030.002 (−0.005 to 0.009)0.56
Sum Z scores0.07 (−0.01 to 0.14)0.10−0.03 (−0.12 to 0.05)0.40−0.09 (−0.17 to −0.008)0.03−0.12 (−0.20 to −0.04)0.004−0.003 (−0.007 to 0.001)0.09
  • Data are standardized β-coefficients (95% CI). n = 258. Data on insulin and triglycerides are log transformed. Data are adjusted for sex and age. Data on total counts from accelerometry are additionally adjusted for monitoring time. All subcomponents except waist circumference are additionally adjusted for waist circumference.