Table 3—

Risk of IHD for individuals with the metabolic syndrome according to IDF and AHA criteria

n of events (%)Person-yearsIncidence rate (per 1,000 person-years)HR (95% CI)*HR (95% CI)
Including diabetic patients
    IDF criteria
        No MetS76 (2.1)34,6852.1 (1.7–2.7)1.01.0
        MetS59 (7.7)6,7168.8 (6.6–11.0)3.9 (2.8–5.5)2.1 (1.4–3.1)
    AHA criteria
        No MetS44 (1.4)31,3191.4 (0.9–1.8)1.01.0
        MetS91 (8.0)10,0829.0 (7.2–10.9)6.3 (4.4–9.0)2.7 (1.8–4.0)
Excluding diabetic patients
    IDF criteria
        No MetS58 (1.7)32,9941.8 (1.3–2.2)1.01.0
        MetS38 (6.7)5,0137.6 (5.2–10.0)4.2 (2.8–6.3)2.3 (1.5–3.6)
    AHA criteria
        No MetS40 (1.3)30,5411.3 (0.9–1.7)1.01.0
        MetS56 (6.7)74667.5 (5.5–9.5)5.6 (3.7–8.4)2.3 (1.5–3.6)
  • *

    * Unadjusted HRs.

  • Adjusted HRs for age, study, ethnic group, sex, LDL cholesterol, smoking (nonsmoker vs. current smoker), and alcohol intake (none/occasional vs. ≥1/month). MetS metabolic syndrome.