Table 2—

Variables associated with low HDL cholesterol levels in men and women

CharacteristicsMale HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dlFemale HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dlFemale HDL cholesterol <50 mg/dl
n1,5127061,654
CVD1.5 (1.3–1.8)1.7 (1.4–2.1)1.7 (1.3–2.2)
Smoking1.3 (1.1–1.6)1.4 (1.1–1.8)NS
White race1.5 (1.2–1.7)1.5 (1.2–1.8)NS
Age (by decade)0.9 (0.8–0.96)0.9 (0.8–0.9)0.9 (0.8–0.97)
A1C (%)1.06 (1.01–1.12)1.09 (1.03–1.15)1.1 (1.02–1.20)
BMI (kg/m2)NSNS1.02 (1.01–1.04)
  • Data are adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) calculated by logistic regression. NS, nonsignificant association in the multivariate model.