Table 2—

Characteristics of participants at baseline and the percent change in health indicators after 6 months by dairy calcium intake tertiles using general linear model analysis with age and change in energy intake from baseline in the model

VariableBaseline characteristics
Percent change from baseline
Tertile 1Tertile 2Tertile 3P*Tertile 1Tertile 2Tertile3P
Age (years)55.9 ± 5.457.4 ± 5.155.9 ± 5.70.31
Weight (kg)84.3 ± 13.584.5 ± 11.489.1 ± 12.30.43−6.4 ± 3.9−7.5 ± 3.3−8.5 ± 2.90.03
BMI (kg/m2)31.1 ± 2.931.5 ± 2.431.4 ± 3.20.77−6.4 ± 3.9−7.5 ± 3.3−8.5 ± 2.90.03
Waist circumference (cm)110.7 ± 10.2111.0 ± 7.8112.3 ± 9.60.07−5.9 ± 3.5−6.5 ± 3.1−7.0 ± 2.50.12
A1C (%)8.4 ± 0.88.3 ± 1.08.3 ± 0.90.81−21.7 ± 7.8−19.7 8.3−22.6 ± 7.70.17
Glucose (mg/dl)184.5 ± 34.6185.8 ± 33.4184.0 ± 30.80.95−37.6 ± 10.9−39.3 10.0−38.8 ± 11.40.71
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)213.4 ± 37.8205.8 ± 30.3210.9 ± 35.60.48−15.9 ± 16.0−16.5 ± 13.5−19.3 ± 13.10.42
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)42.5 ± 8.542.3 ± 8.339.9 ± 7.40.14−1.0 ± 14.2−3.2 ± 14.0−1.4 ± 16.10.65
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)123.4 ± 32.5117.2 ± 29.7123.7 ± 32.30.45−16.9 ± 21.4−16.1 ± 19.9−19.9 ± 18.20.59
Triglyceride (mg/dl)243.0 ± 67.7236.8 ± 47.5241.6 ± 590.95−37.0 ± 17.8−45.9 ± 13.4−43.0 ± 18.40.02
Systolic blood pressure (mmhg)140.5 ± 15.6142.5 ± 15.1140.3 ± 13.20.69−11.5 ± 9.6−12.5 ± 8.6−13.5 ± 9.20.52
Diastolic blood pressure (mmhg)87.8 ± 7.591.4 ± 8.389.8 ± 7.50.06−12.3 ± 9.9−16.2 ± 9.6−14.8 ± 8.90.19
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P for the differences between the groups at baseline.

  • P for the differences in the percent change in health variables from baseline by calcium tertile.