Table 1—

Serum zinc level (unadjusted), cardiovascular risk factors, and other clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetic men and women at baseline in relation to future CHD events

CHD death
Men
Women
NoYesPNoYesP
n4809641460
Zinc (μmol/l)15.8 ± 2.515.1 ± 2.50.01615.7 ± 2.415.0 ± 2.20.022
Mean age (years)57.1 ± 5.158.6 ± 4.60.00958.7 ± 4.961.5 ± 2.8<0.001
Duration of diabetes (years)7.9 ± 4.18.8 ± 4.80.0637.8 ± 3.89.3 ± 4.50.008
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)6.3 ± 1.47.1 ± 1.5<0.0017.0 ± 1.97.4 ± 2.10.207
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.18 ± 0.341.10 ± 0.310.0331.27 ± 0.371.20 ± 0.370.141
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.26 ± 2.033.03 ± 2.12<0.0012.71 ± 3.013.97 ± 5.280.014
HbA1 (%)9.6 ± 2.310.0 ± 1.90.10010.1 ± 2.210.5 ± 2.00.188
BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 4.328.7 ± 4.7NS30.4 ± 5.730.2 ± 5.5NS
Current smokers (%)24.625.0NS7.21.70.102
Hypertension (%)56.359.4NS70.573.3NS
Fatal or nonfatal MI
Men
Women
NoYesPNoYesP
n42115537599
Zinc (μmol/l)15.8 ± 2.515.3 ± 2.70.02215.8 ± 2.415.0 ± 2.20.004
Mean age (years)57.0 ± 5.258.2 ± 4.60.00958.7 ± 4.960.6 ± 3.9<0.001
Duration of diabetes (years)8.0 ± 4.18.4 ± 4.6NS7.8 ± 3.89.0 ± 4.20.004
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)6.3 ± 1.47.0 ± 1.4<0.0017.0 ± 1.77.3 ± 2.60.235
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.20 ± 0.351.09 ± 0.28<0.0011.28 ± 0.381.20 ± 0.340.084
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.22 ± 2.072.85 ± 1.98<0.0012.63 ± 2.653.79 ± 5.290.025
HbA1 (%)9.6 ± 2.39.8 ± 1.9NS10.1 ± 2.310.4 ± 1.90.244
BMI (kg/m2)28.1 ± 4.428.6 ± 4.3NS30.4 ± 5.830.1 ± 5.1NS
Current smokers (%)24.026.5NS6.95.1NS
Hypertension (%)55.660.0NS69.974.7NS
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.