Table 3—

Unstandardized regression coefficients in MR equations

Independent variablesDependent variables
A1CNon-HDL cholesterolKilocaloriesSaturated fat calories (%)Fruit and vegetable servingsIPAQ
Controls
MDD−0.194.24−200.9*0.130.2435.86
CESD0.00−0.215.730.02−0.04−37.90
DDS0.23§4.63*168.1§0.250.41−33.45
R0.460.260.370.430.280.30
P0.0010.010.0010.0010.0020.001
  • Controls included sex, years with diabetes, age (years), BMI, number of comorbidities, years of education, ethnicity (non-Hispanic white versus other), diabetes medications (diet/exercise, oral, insulin), and psychotropic medication (yes/no).

  • *

    * P < 0.10;

  • P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.01;

  • §

    § P < 0.001.