Table 2—

Outcome measures at each measurement point for the three groups

GroupBaseline3 months6 months9 months12 months15 months18 months
DSMP total score
    SC53.0 ± 10.852.1 ± 8.851.6 ± 11.053.3 ± 10.9
    ES55.1 ± 9.554.7 ± 10.355.6 ± 11.755.3 ± 11.2
    BFST-D55.4 ± 10.857.1 ± 7.658.2 ± 9.157.3 ± 10.4
DRC scale family composite score
    SC25.7 ± 6.829.2 ± 10.225.0 ± 11.123.6 ± 10.1
    ES29.1 ± 6.831.7 ± 11.427.7 ± 8.928.8 ± 9.8
    BFST-D27.2 ± 7.626.3 ± 8.825.7 ± 11.025.4 ± 10.4
A1C (%)
    SC9.6 ± 1.59.2 ± 1.79.1 ± 1.89.5 ± 1.79.6 ± 1.69.6 ± 1.69.6 ± 1.7
    ES9.7 ± 1.68.8 ± 1.58.9 ± 1.29.5 ± 1.39.3 ± 1.49.6 ± 1.49.5 ± 1.5
    BFST-D9.6 ± 1.68.9 ± 1.68.8 ± 1.58.7 ± 1.38.9 ± 1.48.6 ± 1.38.8 ± 1.5
  • Data are means ± SD.