Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population by presence or absence of diabetes

DiabetesNo diabetesP
n1,3797,497
Age (years)*58.3 (0.5)42.8 (0.4)<0.001
Male sex (%)45.6 (2.3)49.8 (0.7)0.08
Race (%)0.01
    Non-Hispanic white73.7 (2.0)77.2 (1.4)
    Non-Hispanic black13.5 (1.2)10.3 (0.6)
    Mexican American6.0 (0.5)5.2 (0.5)
High school education (%)60.0 (2.6)76.8 (1.1)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)*30.3 (0.3)26.3 (0.1)<0.001
Current smoking (%)19.1 (1.8)28.8 (0.9)<0.001
Current alcohol consumption (%)38.7 (2.8)64.8 (1.4)<0.001
Hypertension (%)60.9 (2.0)28.6 (1.0)<0.001
Hypercholesteremia (%)50.1 (2.2)28.4 (0.9)<0.001
Vitamin/mineral supplement use (%)42.1 (1.9)40.6 (1.1)0.48
C-reactive protein (mg/l)*6.8 (0.4)3.8 (0.1)<0.001
Serum selenium concentration (ng/ml)*126.5 (1.0)125.7 (1.0)0.41
  • Data are % (SE) or

  • *

    * means (SE).