Table 1—

Clinical criteria for the metabolic syndrome

ComponentsWHO: fasting glucose above cutoff or taking medication for diabetes in combination with any two of the listed componentsATP III: any three of the listed componentsIDF: waist circumference above cutoff in combination with any two of the listed components
Fasting glucose1) >110 mg/dl*1) ≥100 mg/dl*1) ≥100 mg/dl*
Triglycerides2) ≥150 mg/dl2) ≥150 mg/dl*2) ≥150 mg/dl*
HDL cholesterol3) <35 mg/dl3) <50 mg/dl*3) <50 mg/dl*
Obesity4) BMI >30 kg/m2 or waist-to-hip ratio >0.854) Waist circumference >88 cm4) Waist circumference >80 cm
Blood pressure5) SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg5) SBP ≥135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg*5) SBP ≥ 135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg*
  • *

    * Fulfillment of the cutoff score if alternatively taking medication for diabetes, dyslipidemia, or hypertension; Microalbuminuria was not available when defining the metabolic syndrome via the WHO clinical criteria. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.