Table 2—

Change in metabolic variables as a result of hypocaloric dietary intervention in individuals assigned to the 40 vs. 60% carbohydrate diet

60% carbohydrate diet (n = 26)
40% carbohydrate diet (n = 26)
PP
PredietPostdietΔP*PredietPostdietΔP*
Weight (kg)95.1 ± 13.089.4 ± 13.0−5.7 ± 4.1<0.0194.2 ± 12.387.1 ± 11.3−7.0 ± 3.80.200.200.23
ALT units/l27.0 ± 10.422.9 ± 7.7−4.2 ± 8.30.0229.0 ± 9.519.5 ± 4.7−9.5 ± 9.4<0.01<0.010.02
SSPG (mg/dl)226.5 ± 26.4194.1 ± 42.9−32.4 ± 40.7<0.01246.6 ± 47.2185.4 ± 67.9−61.3 ± 52.3<0.02<0.020.06
AUC insulin (μU · ml−1 · 8 h−1)435 ± 439400 ± 383−35 ± 1150.14459 ± 256295 ± 180−164 ± 1510.030.030.04
AUC glucose (mg · dl−1 · 8 h−1)869 ± 88873 ± 87−4 ± 680.75852 ± 98826 ± 9226 ± 760.120.160.74
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • * Within-group comparison for each diet (paired Student's t test).

  • Unadjusted between-group comparison (unpaired Student's t test) of the change in dependent variable.

  • Adjusted for age, sex, baseline concentration of variable, and weight loss (stepwise multiple linear regression analysis).