Table 2—

Psychosocial measures at 12 months

MeasureIntervention groupControl groupFP
DQoLY
    Satisfaction*33.28 ± 9.8845.55 ± 10.7931.769<0.001
    Impact*50.49 ± 12.0561.05 ± 18.489.5530.003
    Worries*17.71 ± 7.1530.23 ± 11.5922.209<0.001
CHLC15.88 ± 2.5916.40 ± 1.950.034NS
HCCQ78.06 ± 20.3484.25 ± 13.300.010NS
DKN11.16 ± 1.8611.75 ± 1.771.406NS
SEDS175.92 ± 22.73169.85 ± 27.450.733NS
WBQ
    Depression10.08 ± 2.2511.85 ± 1.814.3260.044
    Anxiety6.03 ± 2.2311.55 ± 3.6941.2670.001
    Energy6.19 ± 1.867.20 ± 2.312.0860.156
    Positive well-being14.48 ± 3.2010.24 ± 3.2722.923<0.001
    Total well-being40.56 ± 4.5130.31 ± 5.9039.419<0.001
DFBS145.56 ± 20.64155.57 ± 16.451.162NS
PMDQ
    Importance32.58 ± 5.0622.84 ± 4.0264.776<0.001
    Likely41.46 ± 6.2529.52 ± 5.5459.056<0.001
    Worry33.19 ± 8.7624.78 ± 5.9813.605<0.001
    Agree/disagree28.32 ± 5.6634.52 ± 6.2313.845<0.001
    Total135.55 ± 15.30111.66 ± 10.9744.642<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Lower score indicates higher quality of life. CHLC, Child Health Locus of Control; DFBS, Diabetes Family Behavior Scale; DKN, Diabetes Knowledge Scale; DQoLY, Diabetes Quality of Life Measure for Youths; HCCQ, Modified Health Care Climate Questionnaire; PMDQ, Personal Models of Diabetes Scale; SEDS, Self-Efficacy for Diabetes Scale; WBQ, Well-Being Questionnaire.