Quartile I | Quartile II | Quartile III | Quartile IV | |
---|---|---|---|---|
21.7 ± 1.3 (18.5–23.2) | 24.6 ± 0.7 (23.3–25.5) | 26.9 ± 0.9 (25.5–29.0) | 32.0 ± 1.7 (30.0–35.3) | |
Heart rate (beats/min) | 63 ± 13 | 63 ± 9 | 63 ± 10 | 65 ± 9 |
Morphologic features | ||||
End diastolic volume (ml) | 143 ± 22 | 141 ± 21 | 148 ± 33 | 144 ± 28 |
End systolic volume (ml) | 56 ± 14 | 55 ± 13 | 56 ± 16 | 51 ± 14 |
End diastolic wall mass (g) | 138 ± 24 | 133 ± 21 | 145 ± 17 | 157 ± 19* |
End diastolic wall mass/volume ratio (g/ml) | 0.97 ± 0.16 | 0.94 ± 0.10 | 1.02 ± 0.18 | 1.12 ± 0.19* |
Systolic function | ||||
Stroke volume (ml) | 87 ± 13 | 86 ± 11 | 92 ± 19 | 93 ± 16 |
Cardiac output (l/min) | 5.4 ± 1.4 | 5.4 ± 0.9 | 5.6 ± 1.0 | 6.0 ± 1.2 |
Ejection fraction (%) | 61 ± 5 | 62 ± 5 | 62 ± 4 | 65 ± 4 |
Diastolic function | ||||
Early PFR (ml/s) | 464 ± 78 | 475 ± 74 | 432 ± 92 | 469 ± 96 |
Atrial PFR (ml/s) | 213 ± 54 | 219 ± 42 | 238 ± 84 | 261 ± 64 |
E/A peak flow | 2.31 ± 0.69 | 2.24 ± 0.49 | 1.99 ± 0.70 | 1.88 ± 0.49 |
Deceleration time (ms) | 176 ± 26 | 183 ± 34 | 197 ± 39 | 183 ± 35 |
Data are means ± SD (BMI range) from two-tailed, independent-Samples t test. †P < 0.05 vs. quartiles I and II in one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc analysis. PFR: peak filling rate